Spleen enlargement; Enlarged spleen
Splenomegaly is an enlargement of the spleen beyond its normal size. Hepatosplenomegaly is enlargement of both the liver and the spleen.
The spleen is an organ involved in the production and maintenance of red blood cells, the production of certain circulating white blood cells, and is a part of the lymph system and the immune system. It also has a phagocytic role and acts as a filter for circulating microorganisms, old and deformed red cells, and other antigens.
Because of its wide variety of functions, the spleen may be affected by many conditions involving the blood or lymph system, and by infection, malignancies, liver disease and parasites.
The liver is involved in a multitude of bodily functions, and is affected by a variety of conditions, many of which result in hepatomegaly.
Lupus, JRA, Sarcoidosis
Splenic cysts, hemangiomas
Disorders of Splenic blood flow -